6, 7 The reported successful bile flow rates were 91%, 56%, 38%, and 17% in patients receiving an operation before 60 days of age, at 61-70 days of age, at 71-90 days of age, and beyond 90 days of age, respectively.8 learn more However, early identification and timely surgery, which are crucial for better prognosis, remain challenging. In Taiwan, a pilot regional study using the infant stool color card to increase the efficacy of early identification of BA was started in 2002. Universal screening for BA using the infant stool color card
was launched in 2004. This is the first nationwide screening program for BA using an infant stool color card. The present study aimed to compare the outcome of the BA patients after Kasai operation before versus after the launch of the infant stool color card screening program. BA, biliary atresia; CI, confidence interval; OR, odds ratio. An infant stool color
card was designed with six photographs of different colored stool samples from Taiwanese infants. Three colors on this card were labeled abnormal (clay-colored, pale yellowish, and light yellowish), whereas the other three were labeled normal (yellowish, brown, and greenish). Telephone and fax numbers for consultation were also printed on this card, and parents, guardians, and medical personnel were instructed Staurosporine in vivo to inform the stool card registry center if abnormal stool colors were noticed. There are professional MCE公司 personnel in the stool card center who respond to every related phone call or fax within 24 hours. Instructions and follow-up were given to every reported case. In 2002, 47,180 newborns from 49 hospitals and clinics in northern and central Taiwan were enrolled. In 2003, the range of cooperation extended to southern and eastern Taiwan, and 72,793 newborns from 96 hospitals were enrolled. In 2004, the universal stool color screening program was launched, and the stool color card was integrated into the child health booklet. All neonates born in Taiwan participated in the screening program since then. All of the
patients had a diagnosis of BA made using clinical data, biochemical data, imaging data, surgical findings, and liver histology. The patients were divided into three cohorts by their birth date. The historical control cohort was derived from the 96 cases diagnosed as BA at the National Taiwan University Hospital from January 1990 to December 2000. Five patients who did not receive Kasai operation and two patients who underwent Kasai operation but were not followed up for at least 3 years postoperatively were excluded. The remaining 89 patients became cohort A. All of these patients were followed up for at least 5 years, except one patient who was followed up for only 3 years postoperatively. Cohort A represented patients born before the stool card screening program. There were 29 BA patients born between 2002 and 2003.