Mice immunized with recombinant HP0272 (group 1) survived until the end of the study, i.e. 10 days. No bacterium was isolated from surviving mice after 10 days. To evaluate the distribution of HP0272 among reference strains of different serotypes of S. suis and SS2 field strains, we used PCR for the bacterial genome. As shown in Fig. 4, HP0272 was found in 17 of 33 S. suis serotypes with different sizes but 31 of 47 tested serotype 2 isolates from different geographical origins in China were of the same size. To evaluate in vivo changes in gene expression, relative quantification of gene transcript was examined
by real-time PCR. Analysis of the dissociation curves from infected samples and bacteria cultured in vitro revealed a single melting peak and no specific fluorescence signal from negative control samples, indicating Gefitinib a specific signal, corresponding to http://www.selleckchem.com/products/gsk1120212-jtp-74057.html HP0272 and the endogenous control, respectively. When using extracted RNA as a template, no specific fluorescence signal was detected, indicating that the extraction procedure, including DNAse treatment, effectively removed genomic DNA from the RNA samples. Real-time PCR indicated a significant increase, 21.05±6.99-fold, of gene expression levels in vivo over in vitro for the HP0272 gene. The results confirmed that expression of HP0272 is significantly upregulated in vivo. Streptococcus suis is an increasingly important pathogen, causing
meningitis, septicaemia, arthritis and endocarditis in both pigs and humans. In recent years, SS2 infections have become a major problem in all countries with an intensive pig industry. The prevention and control of SS2 are hampered by the lack of an effective vaccine, also and identification of additional novel protective antigens against SS2 is desirable. The present study therefore evaluated the protective efficacy of the novel immunogenic surface protein.
Surface immunogenic proteins had been identified in a previous study (Zhang et al., 2008). Among these, HP0272 was highly immunoreactive to the convalescent sera and was expressed in vivo, which indicated that the protein had the potential to be a candidate vaccine. In mice, recombinant HP0272 was able to induce high titres of antibodies, and to confer good protection against highly pathogenic SS2 infection. In addition, HP0272 existed in most SS2 pathogenic field strains, and half of other serotypes. All of these indicated that the protein had the potential to be a vaccine antigen, at least for SS2 infection. It had been suggested the protection against S. suis infection is mediated primarily by opsonophagocytosis, which is mainly associated with a Th1-type immune response characterized by IgG2a production (Brazeau et al., 1996; Gottschalk & Segura, 2000). Furthermore, it is well known that adjuvant plays an important role in the efficacy of vaccines (Li et al.