Weight [OR 0.96 (0.91-0.99)], parenteral nutrition (PN) [OR 3.38 (1.40-8.19)] and indwelling time (IT) [OR 1.08 (1.02-1.14)] were CR-BSI risk factors. Practice changes aimed at reducing PN and IT were introduced. PN decreased from 49.8% [95% CI (49.7-49.9)] to 26.7% [(95% CI 26.6-26.8)] (p < 0.001),
and IT dropped from 9.92 (95% CI 9.09-10.75) to 8.13 AZD2014 cost (95% CI 7.47-8.79) days (p < 0.001). The CR-BSI rate was reduced to 3.05 (95% CI 0.93-5.17)/1,000 catheter-days. During the last period, PN and IT were no longer CR-BSI risk factors. Type of catheterisation (guide wire exchange) [OR 6.66 (1.40-31.7)] was the only CR-BSI risk factor. Conclusions: PN and IT were independent CR-BSI risk factors during the first period. An intervention focused on PN and IT reduction resulted in a sustained decrease of CR-BSI rates in our PICU.”
“During a comparison of 16S rDNA PCR-denaturant
gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) profiles of methanogenic archaea from rumen fluid, rabbit caecum and pig feces, a unique band common to all rabbit caecum samples was observed. DGGE profiling also showed that the methanogen community from the New Zealand White adult rabbits is different and less complex than the methanogen communities from the rumen and pig feces. Small subunit ribosomal gene sequences of methanogenic archaea were subsequently retrieved from the constructed rabbit caecum 16S rDNA gene library. Results of the phylogenetic analysis indicated that rabbit CB-839 clinical trial CH5183284 nmr caecum is inhabited by members of the genus Methanobrevibacter and is possibly one-species dominated, because all the retrieved sequences exhibited similarity values of 99% or higher. This species may well be a novel species of the genus Methanobrevibacter. It belongs to a distinct phylogenetic group containing Methanobrevibacter woesei, Methanobrevibacter thaueri and Methanobrevibacter gottschalkii strains isolated from animal feces, and Methanobrevibacter smithii from the predominating methanogen population of the human large bowel.”
“A critical soil mineral nitrogen concentration (N-min) for guiding fertilizer application and maximizing
maize grain yield is needed.\n\nA three-year field experiment with three N regimes, unfertilized (N0), optimized N management (Opt.) and conventional N practice (Con.) was performed in maize.\n\nThe mean soil N-min in 0-60 cm soil profile for N0, Opt. and Con. treatments was 2.0, 6.7 and 8.9 mg kg(-1) at V8-VT growth stages and 2.2, 6.1 and 11.2 mg kg(-1) on average over the whole growth season, respectively. Correspondingly, the soil N supplying capacity (soil N-min content + fertilizer N) of the three N treatments was smaller, identical or greater than the plant N accumulation at different growth stages. The Opt. treatment had significantly higher N use efficiency, N recovery efficiency and N partial factor productivity compared with the Con. treatment, while it did not cause maize yield loss.