The combined effect of the Y-24W1 artificial defects and the addition of silver produce enhanced trapped fields in these samples. (C) 2009 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3225557]“
“”"Cord accident” (compromised umbilical blood flow) as a cause of stillbirth is underreported, mainly due to a lack of diagnostic criteria. Based on fetal vascular pathology in the placenta, we have previously established histologic criteria for the diagnosis of cord accident. In the current study, we set out to test the sensitivity and specificity of these criteria by reviewing an independent set of stillbirth cases. Placental slides from 26 cases (in which cord accident LY3023414 research buy was deemed
SB202190 order the cause of death) and 62 controls (in which the cause of death was anything other than cord accident) were reviewed. The following histologic changes were noted: (1) dilated fetal vessels, (2) thrombosis in fetal vessels, and (3) avascular or near-avascular chorionic villi. “”Minimal” criteria were defined as the presence of dilated and thrombosed fetal vessels, while the additional presence of focal or regional avascular or near-avascular villi satisfied the complete criteria. Of the 62 stillbirth controls with cause of death other than cord accident, 13 (21%) met the minimal criteria (specificity 79%) and only 4 (6%) met the complete criteria for cord accident (specificity
94%). In contrast, of the 26 cases with a cause of death related to cord accident, 16 met the minimal criteria (sensitivity 62%) and 12 met the complete criteria (sensitivity 46%). These histologic criteria identify cases of cord accident as a cause of stillbirth with very high specificity. This study confirms the utility of these criteria for diagnosis of cord accident and further stresses placental examination in evaluation of stillbirths.”
B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) correlates with cardiac filling pressures and outcomes in patients with heart failure. In heart transplant recipients, we hypothesize that a within-individual change in BNP over BAY 63-2521 manufacturer time would be more helpful than absolute BNP in detecting International Society of Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) grade 2R or greater rejection.
Methods: N-terminal pro-BNP (NT-proBNP) levels were measured in 146 consecutive transplant recipients undergoing routine endomyocardial biopsies. In the cross-sectional analysis, multiple observations per individual were accounted for using generalized estimation equations.
Results: A cross-sectional analysis demonstrated a weak association between NT-proBNP levels and rejection, with an odds ratio (OR) of 1.01 for every 100-pg/mL increase in NT-proBNP (p = 0.02). However, with a doubling of an individual’s NT-proBNP level, the OR for significant rejection was 2.